High conical gold foil vessels, four of which have been
found so far, count among the most important religious
monuments of the old European Bronze Age.
The “Golden Hat” of Schifferstadt, which was found on 29th
April in 1835 in a field belonging to the district of
Schifferstadt, is the oldest one. Three bronze axes that
were found with the “Golden Hat” date back to the 14th
That “Hat” (vessel) is 29,6cm high, it weights 350,5g
and it is seamlessly beaten out of a small gold ingot.
The thickness of its sides is 0,20- 0,25mm. The original
is exposed in the Historical Museum of the Palatinate in
The conical gold foil vessels were used for religious
ceremonies. Their existence is confined to the heartland
of early Celtic tribes in the centre of France and the
south of Germany.
According to recent investigations the ornaments
represent a complex calendrical system. The golden cones
were probably a symbol of the knowledge of their bearers
– intellectual priests – about the order upholding the
cosmos, the earth and time.